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CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

 

Convention on Biological Diversity was opened for signature at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro on June 5, 1992. It entered into force on December 29, 1993 and currently (as at February 14, 2005) has 185 Parties including European Union. Ukraine signed the Convention on June 11, 1992 and ratified it on November 29, 1994.

The objectives of the Convention are (Article 1 of the Convention):

1)      conservation of biological diversity;

2)      sustainable use of biological diversity;

3)      fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by 

         appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies, taking into   

         account all rights over those resources and to technologies, and by appropriate funding.

            On January 29, 2000 the Conference of the Parties of the Convention adopted a supplementary agreement to the Convention known as the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Protocol seeks to protect biological diversity from the potential risks posed by living modified organisms (known as GMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology. This Protocol became the first legal document aimed to regulate movement of GMOs across borders and establish practical rules and procedures for the safe transfer, handling and use of it. The Protocol entered into force on September 11, 2003. Ukraine, according to the Law of Ukraine # 152-IV, September 12, 2002, ratified it.

National Implementation Reports on Convention on Biological Diversity

            According to Article 26 of the Convention each Contracting Party shall, at intervals to be determined by the Conference of the Parties (COP), present to the COP, reports on measures which it has taken for the implementation of the provisions of this Convention and their effectiveness in meeting the objectives of this Convention.

      Kinds of the reports:

§         National reports – submitted to the Secretariat of the Convention on a four-yearly basis. (COP decision V/19);

§         Thematic national reports.

The first national report, according to the COP decision II/17 (November 1995, Jakarta, Indonesia), was focused on the measures taken for the implementation of Article 6 of the Convention, as well as the information available in national country studies on biological diversity.

At the fifth meeting (May 2000, Nairobi, Kenya) COP endorsed the format as a guide for national reporting  (decision V/19). This form was formulated as questions based on the articles of the Convention and COP decisions.

The seventh COP meeting (February 2004, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) endorsed the format for the third national report, which was developed on the basis of the previous one considering forest biological diversity issues and implementation of the Strategic Plan and the 2010 target.

According to the decision VII/25 COP requests Parties to submit their national reports by May 15, 2005.

 

National Reports of Ukraine:

 

1997

National Report on Conservation of Biological Diversity in Ukraine

2000

National Report on Conservation of Biological Diversity in Ukraine

 

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