United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) was signed on June 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia). It entered into force on March 21, 1994. Ukraine ratified the Convention on October 29, 1996 and on August 11, 1997 became a Party under the UN procedures.
The Objective of the Convention is stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
In order to concretize and strengthen the commitments and mechanisms of the Convention, after two and a half years of intense negotiations, the Kyoto Protocol was adopted at the Third Conference of the Parties (COP) in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997. It entered into force on February 16, 2005.
National Reporting on the UNFCCC implementation
Article 12 of the Convention requires each Party report to the COP, through the Secretariat, on the policies and measures that it has adopted to implement its commitments and also greenhouse gas inventories. In accordance with this article, the Conference of the Parties has elaborated several different types of reports and related guidelines and procedures consistent with the common but differentiated responsibilities of Parties.
National Communications and annual greenhouse gas inventories, submitted by the Annex 1 Parties (among them – Ukraine), are the main source of information for the assessment of the level of the implementation of the Convention and progress monitoring of the Parties in achieving the Convention Objective.
Ukraine did first steps aimed to implement the reporting commitments according to Article 4, paragraph 4, and Article 12, paragraph 1, of the Convention. At the beginning of 1998 Ministry of Environment Protection and Nuclear safety prepared and submitted to the Secretariat the First National Communication of Ukraine on Climate Change and in 2000 submitted greenhouse gas inventories for the 1991-1998 period. These documents were prepared by the group of independent experts under coordination of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Ukraine.
At present Ukraine must prepare and submit greenhouse gas inventories by the April 15, 2005 and, according to the COP decision 4/CP.8 Annex 1 Parties must submit their Fourth National Communication by January 1, 2006.
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